Sexual Health

Did you know that Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) and Sexually Transmitted Diseases can be spread through all forms of sex and/or intimate skin-to-skin contact (oral sex, intercourse, outercourse, anal sex or mutual masturbation)? Using a condom during sex can sometimes reduce the risk of transmitting or contracting certain STDs, but using a condom never eliminates the risk entirely. Abstaining from sexual activity is the only 100% guarantee you have to avoid pregnancy and to avoid contracting an STI.

Abstaining from sexual activity is the only 100% guarantee you have to avoid pregnancy and avoid contracting an STI.

If you feel that you are not ready to have sex, or if you do not want to put yourself at risk for getting pregnant or contracting an STI, then abstinence is your best choice.

If you have been sexually active, please get tested. If you need more information, please stop by our office or call us at 585-393-0437. We can refer you to a clinic for STI/STD testing.

More Information on STDs/STIs Below:
STDSymptomsRisksLeft Untreated
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)can include abnormal vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, pain, itching or burningincreases a woman’s susceptibility to other STD’scan develop into PID, resulting in damage to the fallopian tubes and infertility
Chlamydiacan include lower abdominal pain or burning sensation when urinating; in women, abnormal vaginal discharge, painful intercourse; in men, discharge from the penis, testicular painincreases a woman’s susceptibility to HIV; can develop into a “silent” infection, impacting a woman’s future ability to have children
Gonorrheacan include burning sensation when urinating, frequent urination, painful intercourse, thick, cloudy or bloody vaginal discharge or penile dischargeincreases a woman’s susceptibility to HIV; can be transmitted to infants during birth, causing blindness, joint and blood infectionscan develop into PID and infertility in both men and women
Hepatitis, Viralcan include fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, clay-colored bowel movements, joint pain, jaundicecan cause jaundice; is easily spread through fecal-oral contactis the leading cause of liver cancer
Herpes, Genitalcan include small red bumps or tiny white blisters that become ulcers and can be found on the genitals, buttocks, anus or thighs, sometimes flu-like symptomscauses recurrent, painful, sores and can be transmitted to infants during birthcan increase a woman’s chances of contracting HIV
HIV/AIDScan includefatigue, fever, headache, sore throat, rash, swollen lymph glands, diarrhea, dry cough, sudden weight losscan be symptomless for 10 years or more, but still transmitted to sexual partners or infant during childbirthcan progress into AIDS and death
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)can include genital warts, sometimes in the mouth or throat, genital itching or discomfort, bleeding with intercoursecan be spread through contact with the infected area regardless of whether symptoms are presentcauses genital warts, cervical and vaginal cancers, and rarely, penile and anal cancers
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)can includelower abdominal pain, fever, unusual vaginal discharge, odor, painful intercourse, painful urination, irregular menstrual bleedingoften goes undiagnosed and can lead to serious infectioncan cause permanent damage to female reproductive organs; repeated episodes can lead to infertility (over 100,000 women per year), ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. over 150 women die from complications of PID annually
Syphiliscan include one or more painless, open sores called chancrescan be spread when sores are present anywhere on the body, including the anus and mouth; sores can last 3-6 weeks and leave scarscan damage internal organs, resulting in paralysis, blindness, dementia and even death
Trichomoniasiscan include discomfort during intercourse and urination; in men, irritation inside the penis, mild discharge, or slight burning after urination or ejaculation; in women, greenish yellow, possibly frothy discharge, strong odor, irritation and itchingcan increase the probability of acquiring HIVcan result in premature or low birth-weight babies
Information compiled from:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website (2011):
Mayo Clinic (2011):

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